Techniques For Reaching The Somnambulistic State

As indicated in the last chapter, the attainment of the somnambulistic

stage of hypnosis can represent an extremely intricate procedure.

Because of certain inherent characteristics of this stage, it is easier

to attain by hetero-hypnosis. However, this does not preclude the fact

that it can be reached without the aid of a hypnotist. More important

than the testing and deepening procedures that I shall outline for you

this chapter are an understanding and an awareness of some of the

complexities involved, first in achieving the hypnotic state, then

deepening, and, finally, reaching somnambulism. There are no absolute or

final answers to many of the problems that can arise. You can become

entangled with rationalization so easily when you want the facts to fit

a particular theory. I point this out to the reader because, as the

subject goes deeper, the procedure can become more complicated.

There are many interesting phenomena which can be elicited in the

somnambulistic state. They are of interest for the most part, to

students of abnormal behavior and are pertinent from an academic

viewpoint. They do not fall within the province of this book or of

hypnosis for therapeutic purposes and might lead the reader astray.

Should readers be interested in further hypnotic phenomena, I refer them

to Modern Hypnosis by Leslie Kuhn and Salvadore Russo, Ph.D.,

Experimental Hypnosis by Leslie LeCron, Time Distortion in Hypnosis

by Milton Erickson, M.D. and Lynn F. Cooper, M.D., and Hypnotism--An

Objective Study in Suggestibility by Andre M. Weitzenhoffer, Ph.D.

As discussed previously, some individuals experience difficulty in

attaining the deeper hypnotic states. My advice is to be patient and to

continue working with yourself. It is not imperative or vital to reach

the somnambulistic stage for therapeutic results. It is a misconception

on the part of many students that they must go into the deepest state

possible to obtain results. Dramatic changes can come about at all

levels of hypnosis. The somnambulistic state is necessary in

hypnotherapy when there is a need for the patient to relive some

traumatic episode. It is also useful when the patient is reluctant to

consciously discuss certain aspects of his problem. Many

hypnotherapeutic techniques such as amnesia, hypermnesia, progression,

paramnesia, automatic writing, dream induction, regression, production

of experimental conflicts and crystal or mirror gazing require a

somnambulistic state. For those of you interested in hypnotherapy, I can

recommend no finer book than Hypnotherapy of War Neuroses by John G.

Watkins, Ph.D. In this book, the theory of hypnotherapy has been

diagramatically presented for easy comprehension and shown to be an

amalgamation of concepts and practices from various schools of thought.

Most students of hypnosis equate the phenomenon of amnesia with the

somnambulistic state. The mistake they make is in trying to achieve

amnesia. It's similar to the dog trying to catch his tail. It is

impossible for the subject to effectively suggest amnesia to himself. If

he remembers what he was supposed to forget, he has failed. If he truly

doesn't remember what he was supposed to forget, he doesn't even

remember the amnesia suggestion and can take no satisfaction from his

success because he is not aware that he has accomplished the

posthypnotic suggestion. Unless an elaborate set of posthypnotic

suggestions are worked out, it is an impossible test for self-hypnosis.

I know the reader is anxious to begin his conditioning for the

somnambulistic state, but there are still a few pertinent remarks which

should be remembered before proceeding further. The reader should not

memorize verbatim any of the tests involved in proving the

somnambulistic state. All that is necessary to remember is the general

form and the goal you seek. The goal is to increase your suggestibility

which, in turn, means deepening of the hypnotic state. After each step,

you are to give yourself suggestions that you will go still deeper the

next time. You should also designate a specific length of time to work

with self-hypnosis. The suggestions are as follows: "I shall work with

self-hypnosis for 15 minutes. At the end of that time, I shall open my

eyes and wake up feeling wonderfully well. I'll be wide awake and

refreshed. In case of any danger, I'll be able to awaken immediately and

act accordingly."

Some hypnotists tell their subjects to "make your mind a blank." I

suppose what they really mean is that you must try to think of only what

the hypnotist is saying. Have you ever tried to make your mind a blank?

Try it for a moment. It's an impossibility. Should the hypnotist

persist along these lines, he'll never be successful. It is the wrong

approach. The subject, because of his inability to comply with this

suggestion, is fighting a losing battle. It is also almost impossible

for the subject to concentrate only on what the hypnotist is saying. Any

word the hypnotist says can start a conscious as well as unconscious

train of thought. Therefore, in reality, this, too, is impossible.

However, it really isn't necessary that the subject keep his thoughts

concentrated solely on what is being said so long as they are kept in

the general area. At times, the more you try to concentrate, the more

your thoughts become scattered. Suppose I say to you, "Forget the

address 8721 Sunset Boulevard." What happens? The more you try to forget

it, the more you remember it. Therefore, don't be concerned if you

experience stray thoughts during the induction and deepening of

hypnosis. You are now ready to continue with further tests. The first

five tests should be mastered before continuing.

Test No. 6 is referred to as the "fly" test. In this test, once under

hypnosis, you picture that a fly is crawling on the back of your right

or left hand. Once you feel the fly, you know you are deeply hypnotized.

You might even get an urge to move your hand and flick the fly off your

hand. When this happens, you know, of course, that you are deeply

hypnotized. Here is a sample of the type of suggestions to give:

"As I count to ten and even before I reach the count of ten, I shall

feel a fly crawling on the back of my right hand. This illusion will

seem very real to me. One ... My right hand is completely relaxed. Two

... I feel completely at ease. Three ... I am beginning to feel a

pleasant tingling feeling on the back of my right hand. Four ... This

feeling is becoming strong. Five ... It feels as though a fly is moving

on the back of my hand. Six ... I have had this same feeling before.

Seven ... I can feel the fly. Eight ... The feeling is very definite.

Nine ... As I flick my hand the fly will disappear (If you have felt the

fly, move your hand). Ten ... It is gone."

Test No. 7 is known as the "cigarette" test and naturally is only for

those of you who smoke. In this test, you give yourself posthypnotic

suggestions during the hypnotic state, awaken yourself, and then note

the effects of the posthypnotic suggestions. If the cigarette tastes

bitter or has a repugnant taste or odor, and if you furthermore find it

impossible to smoke more than three puffs, necessitating your putting

out the cigarette, you know the posthypnotic suggestions are working

perfectly and that you are an excellent hypnotic subject. Here are the

suggestions to give yourself while you are under hypnosis:

"When I count to three, I shall open my eyes and wake up feeling

wonderfully well and shall have a strong desire to smoke a cigarette.

Upon lighting the cigarette, I shall notice that there is a very bitter,

strong and repugnant taste to the cigarette. As I continue to smoke the

cigarette, the distasteful effect will become stronger and stronger.

Even though I realize that I have given myself these posthypnotic

suggestions, they will exert a strong force outside of my conscious

control, and I shall find it necessary to extinguish the cigarette after

three puffs. As I now count to three, I shall open my eyes and wake up

feeling fine. One, two, three."

Test No. 8 is called the "sun" test. In this test, you picture yourself

in a bathing suit, shorts or playsuit at the beach or some other

familiar place taking a sunbath. You imagine that it is a beautiful

summer day. As you see yourself relaxed, you imagine that a cloud is

blocking out the sun, but as you count to three, the cloud will move

away and you will feel the warm, pleasant glow of the sun's rays on your

face and hands. Here are the suggestions you can use:

"As I count to three, I shall feel the warm, pleasant rays of the sun on

my face and hands. One ... The cloud is moving, and I can begin to feel

the warm, pleasant rays of the sun. Two ... The cloud is moving more and

more, exposing more and more of the sun. I can feel the warmth of the

sun's rays. Three ... The cloud has moved away from the sun, and I can

feel the full, warm strength of the sun. It is a pleasant feeling, but

as I continue to count to five, the warm feeling will dissipate. Four

... The warm feeling is leaving. Five ... The warm feeling has left, and

I feel perfectly normal in every respect."

A variation of this test is to see yourself lying comfortably in front

of a fireplace. In this instance, you imagine someone is adding wood to

the fire. As this is done, you feel the warm glow of the fire more and

more. Should you use the fireplace technique, try to incorporate the

sound of rain into the picture. If you "hear" rain you have created a

positive auditory hallucination and can consider yourself an excellent


You can also visualize a situation where you would be cold. This is not

as pleasant as the picture that one can conjure up about a fireplace and

thus creates a bit more resistance since no one wants to feel


Test No. 9 is the "breeze" test. It can be combined with the previous

test. After you attain the feeling of warmth, you give yourself a count

of three (or whatever number you want), suggesting that you will feel

the cool ocean breeze (if you are at the beach) on your face and hands.

You can even carry this step further, suggesting that you'll even smell

the odor of the salt water. This is known as an olfactory illusion and

should you be able to create this effect, you can be sure that you are a

somnambulistic subject. Here are suggestions you can use:

"As I count to three, I shall gradually feel the cool ocean breeze

coming over the waves. It will be a very pleasant feeling. One ... I am

beginning to feel the cool ocean breeze, especially on my face and

hands. Two ... The breeze is becoming stronger and stronger. Three ... I

can definitely feel the cool ocean breeze. As I continue to count to

five, I shall smell the pleasant, healthy aroma of the salt water. Four

... I am beginning to smell the salt water. Five ... I can definitely

smell the salt water."

Now you give yourself appropriate suggestions that the feeling

(illusion) will vanish as you awaken or at a specific count. It can be

as simple as this: "As I count to three, I shall open my eyes and awaken

feeling very refreshed. The feeling of the cool ocean breeze and smell

of the salt air will have vanished completely." At this point you count

to three and open your eyes.

Test No. 10 is the "handclasp" test. This is used frequently to test the

depth of hypnosis. You fold your hands with your fingers tightly

interlocked and place your palms together. You then give yourself a

hypnotic suggestion that at the count of three, it will be impossible

for you to unlock your hands. After you try and are unable to unlock

your hands, you continue counting to five, suggesting that you will be

able to do so when you reach the count of five. Incidentally, you should

remove any ring you may be wearing before trying this test. Here are the

suggestions you can follow:

"As I complete the count of three, I shall try to unlock my hands but

will be unable to do so until I count to five. One ... My hands are

locked tightly together. Two ... My fingers are locked tighter and

tighter. Three ... It is impossible for me to unlock my hands until I

count to five. Four ... As I reach the count of five, I shall be able to

unlock my hands very easily. Five ... I can now unlock my hands very


Test No. 11 is the "arm" test. Here is another test used frequently to

test the receptiveness to hypnosis. Make a tight fist and extend your

arm in front of you as far as possible. Visualize your arm as one solid

mass, as stiff and rigid as a bar of steel. After your arm is extended,

give yourself a hypnotic suggestion that you will be unable to bend your

arm when you complete the count of three. As you continue to count to

five, you will be able to bend your arm very easily. Here is a form of

suggestion you can use:

"As I reach the count of three, I shall try to bend my arm, but it will

be impossible to do so until I count to five. No matter how hard I try,

it will be absolutely impossible. One ... My arm is stiff and rigid as a

bar of steel. Two ... I can feel the rigidity in my arm. Three ... It is

impossible for me to bend my arm until I count to five. Four ... I can

feel the stiffness slowly leaving. Five ... I can now bend my arm easily

and it feels normal in every respect."

Test No. 12 is the "eye" test. This is probably the most widely used

test in hypnosis. Many subjects equate the inability to open the eyes

with hypnosis. Many assume that if they can open their eyes, they have

not been hypnotized. I must emphatically point out that this is not

true. The subject can fail the eye test and yet have been under

hypnosis. In the deep, somnambulistic state, the subject can open his

eyes without affecting the depth of the hypnotic state. In fact, this is

done many times in getting the subject to do automatic writing, crystal

gazing, mirror gazing, hypnodrama and revivification. In carrying out

posthypnotic suggestions in any state, the subject is frequently told

that he will open his eyes and carry out the suggestion.

I have found that there is more anxiety connected with the eye test than

with any other test. I feel that it is a normal reaction and one that

must be anticipated by the hypnotist as well as the subject.

Occasionally, while hypnotizing a new subject, he will open his eyes.

This can happen when the subject feels he is losing consciousness. His

ability to open his eyes proves to him that he is in control. One of the

main fears that the subject has is his belief that he will lose

voluntary control of himself. The fact that he can open his eyes lessens

his anxiety.

If there seems to be too much threat to the individual, I use a method

that you can follow. Instead of suggesting that the subject will be

unable to open his eyes at a specific count, I suggest that he will be

so relaxed that it will be too much effort to open his eyes until a

further count is given. Actually, what could take less effort? Here are

suggestions you can use:

"As I count to three, I shall try to open my eyes, but I shall be unable

to do so because I feel so relaxed. It will just take too much effort to

open my eyes until I reach the count of five or tell myself to awaken.

One ... My eyes are closed, and I am in a very deep state of hypnosis.

Two ... My eyelids are stuck tightly together. Three ... It is now

impossible for me to open my eyes. I shall be able to open them though

at the count of five. Four ... I shall be able to open my eyes very

easily at the count of five. Five ... I can now open my eyes and wake

up feeling alert and fully refreshed."

In accomplishing the eye test, you try to create a vivid picture of

yourself being completely and fully relaxed. If you really exerted a

great deal of effort, you could open your eyes, but because of the

pleasantness of the completely relaxed state, you prefer not to do so.

It can be likened to your enduring the cold winter air when you are half

asleep in bed instead of getting up to close the window which has been

left open too much. You can, of course, get up and close the window, but

it becomes a matter of expending too much energy. Instead, you choose to

endure the discomfort or suggest that your spouse close the window.

For the following three tests, you give yourself the suggestions as

outlined in the previous tests. It should be pointed out again that at

the conclusion of the test, you give yourself a suggestion that you will

feel normal in every respect.

Test No. 13 is the "music" test. This test involves creating an auditory

hallucination. Give yourself the suggestion that at a specific count you

will hear your favorite song. It will last for one minute and then fade


Test No. 14 is the "dream" test. It is incorporated in a great deal of

hypnotherapy. The subject is told that as the hypnotist counts to three,

the subject will have a dream lasting for several minutes which he will

remember. This dream, furthermore, will call his attention to an

important incident that he has long forgotten, yet which will be

relevant to his problem. In self-hypnosis, you suggest to yourself that

at a specific count you will have a very pleasant dream lasting for

several minutes, at the end of which time you will awaken feeling

refreshed. For those readers further interested in producing dreams, I

can highly recommend a very fascinating book called The Experimental

Production of Dreams During Hypnosis by Professor David Ballin Klein.

Test No. 15 is the "anesthesia" test. This is conducted by telling

yourself that you will not feel the pain associated with the act of

pinching yourself. You suggest that you will feel the pressure of your

fingers but will not feel the pain involved. I urge the reader not to

stick pins in himself to test the anesthesia. This can be dangerous,

lead to infection and cause other harmful results. You should also not

dig your nails into your skin to make sure that you don't feel pain.